Sternum most commonly known as breastbone is present at the center of the chest. Pain immediately below this area is an indication of some kind of disorder related to the abdomen. This pain can be moderate or even severe in some cases. Below listed are the different kinds of pains below sternum and how you can deal with it.
Some causes of the pain below sternum
There is often inflammation or irritation in esophagus. This condition arises when the acids in stomach move back to the muscular tube that transfers food from mouth to stomach. Due to this condition you may feel pain in upper abdomen and pain below sternum. You may also find difficulty in swallowing, coughing and even hoarse voice. Factors responsible for this condition are drinking alcohol, smoking and some medicines. You can get relief by taking some antacids and medicines to reduce acidity. In such cases smoking and drinking should be avoided.
The next reason for pain below sternum is either heartburn or indigestion. Pain in upper abdomen in chest is mostly due to gastroesophageal reflux disease. In heartburm you may feel burning impression in your chest. Other symptoms of this are bitter taste in mouth. This condition can be controlled by regulating the weight and stopping intake of some foods that worse the condition. By taking some medicines you can get relief from acidity.
- Respiratory disorder
Respiratory disorder like inflammation of the linning surrounding the lungs, blood clot near lungs, pneumonia, asthma and bronchitis are the reason for pain. The diagnosis of this can be done by checking the medical history of patient, physically examining and some laboratory tests. The treatment of the condition may vary upon diagnosis. Antibiotics, bronchodilators and some exercises are some method to get relief from the condition. In such cases smoking can further worse the condition. So it should be avoided at all costs.
- Abdominal muscle stress
Excess stress on the abdominal muscle may result in pain below sternum when pressed pain below sternum. Such pain may lead to some sort of discomfort. When the muscle fibers are stretched or even pulled far away they rupture and can result in pain sternum. This condition usually occurs when excessive exercise is done or the exercise is done in wrong manner. Lifting heavy objects can also result in such pain. To get relief from such condition all the activities that can cause stress in muscles should be stopped. You can apply a cold ice pack to affected area twice a day to get relief. Pain killers can also be taken. If you do not get relief in pain in some days then you should consult a doctor.
Diagnosis of pain below sternum
Pain below sternum may occur due to various reasons. By checking medical history and physically examining it can be diagnosed. Blood test, X-ray, MRI and Ct scan can also be conducted to check the reason for pain. The best way is to consult a doctor when you do not get relief from the home remedies.