Why Do You Feel Pain Below Sternum

what are the causes of pain below sternum

The pain in chest area irrespective of the area being high up or lower down is a matter of concern among people. This is because the important organs of the human body like heart and lungs are located here. People with a history of heart diseases are much concerned with this pain. But the fact is that pain in the lower chest area is actually the abdominal pain as abdomen begins much higher than we think.

Some Reasons for Below Sternum

Below listed are some of the reasons for the pain below sternum. This pain may arise due to several reasons but the in case of persistent pain it is advisable to consult a doctor.

  • Acid reflux or acidity

This is the main reason for pain below sternum. Almost everyone has experienced heartburn at some moment of time. When the juices of stomach enter esophagus it initiates a burning sensation in the region where stomach and esophagus meet. This condition usually arises due to the weakening of lower esophageal sphincter. When it weakens it is unable to prevent stomach juices to enter into esophagus.

  • Gastritis

This is the common condition suffered by almost everyone. In this you usually suffer pain in the middle and pain in left side of stomach. In this condition usually the walls of the stomach gets swelled up. So this becomes yet another reason for pain below sternum.

  • Peptic Ulcer disease

This is also condition somewhat like gastrointestinal condition. The main reasons for this are also gastritis. In this condition usually ulcers or sores occur in the walls of stomach. In this condition usually pain occurs in upper middle abdominal region.

  • Stones in gall bladder or gallstones

Gallstones are formed in gallbladder from bile. When these stones stuck in the neck of gallbladder it usually causes pain. This pain may reach up to back or even the right shoulder. In severe cases even chances of jaundice are there.

  • Pancreatitis

The swelling in pancreas is termed as pancreatitis. In acute cases there may be pain in middle of the abdomen. In such pain person finds difficult in even standing upright. If not treated timely this disease can be life threatening.

  • Heart attack

When there is blockage in the artery supplying blood to the heart it causes death of that particular heart tissue. This generally is called heart attack. In this condition there is severe chest pain somewhat to left side.


There are various symptoms which may tell you about pain below sternum. Some of the symptoms include

  • Nausea/vomiting is often an indication of some stomach digestive disorder.
  • Bleeding in vomiting is indication of bleeding ulcer.
  • Fever or chills come when either you have infection or gallstones.
  • Chest pain is usually due to acid reflux.
  • Sweating and dizziness is an indication of heart attack.

The cause of pain may differ and may be confusing. So it is advised that you consult a doctor and get your tests done so as to diagnose the condition.